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Stages of periodontal disease


Periodontal diseases are manifested by inflammation of the tissues that support the teeth. If not treated it will lead to the deterioration of the soft tissue, bone support and, in the end, the loss of teeth. One cause is bacterial plaque deposited on teeth in the absence of a regular oral hygiene.

Other causes are represented by genetic, endocrine, environmental, occupational diseases. We recognize three stages in the evolution of periodontal disease: gingivitis, periodontitis superficial and deep periodontitis.


It is an inflammation of the gums. It is characterized by red gums, inflamed, easily bleeding and can cause bad breath. Gingivitis can be treated by the use of toothbrush and dental floss in hard places to reach, a healthy diet, quitting smoking and stringent checks by the dentist. Untreated gingivitis leads to periodontitis.


Superficial periodontitis

The cause of periodontitis is the surface of untreated gingivitis, at this stage the gum is gradually withdrawing and forming a space between the gum and tooth. The withdrawal of the gums leads to the sensitivity of the teeth. Measures can be taken against the progress of the disease through proper oral hygiene but also proper treatment in stomatology, according to doctor’s instructions.

Periodontitis deep

If the superficial periodontitis is not treated, it turns into deep periodontitis, leading to tooth loss by deterioration of bone support and fixing tissues of the teeth. At the end, surgery will be necessary once the disease arrived at this stage.