Periodontal diseases are manifested by inflammation of the tissues that support the teeth. If not treated it will lead to the deterioration of the soft tissue, bone support and, in the end, the loss of teeth. One cause is bacterial plaque deposited on teeth in the absence of a regular oral hygiene.
Other causes are represented by genetic, endocrine, environmental, occupational diseases. We recognize three stages in the evolution of periodontal disease: gingivitis, periodontitis superficial and deep periodontitis.
It is an inflammation of the gums. It is characterized by red gums, inflamed, easily bleeding and can cause bad breath. Gingivitis can be treated by the use of toothbrush and dental floss in hard places to reach, a healthy diet, quitting smoking and stringent checks by the dentist. Untreated gingivitis leads to periodontitis.