This simple procedure is an essential part of maintaining the oral health, necessary to prevent caries, gum disease and tooth loss caused by dental disease. Prophylaxis may avoid the need for expensive dental treatment as a filling or treatment of gum disease.
A big advantage is that this procedure should be done twice a year. The visit to the dentist is very important. During the examination, the dentist control the caries’ signs and the status of prosthetic devices as well as the appearance of the gums, mucous membranes, tongue and salivary glands.
Through a control, performing a cleaning of the oral cavity, eliminating the bacterial plaque and tartar, contributing in this way to gum health. Regular monitoring every 6 months is vital to maintain the beauty of your smile.
The medical term for the professional dental cleaning – Prophylaxis is simply a preventive measure. Being a part of the dental revision Prophylaxis is used to remove plaque and other irritating factors of the oral cavity.
Periodontics handles the gum, bone, ligament dentoalveolar, tooth, through medical and surgical techniques. The onset of periodontal disease is caused by bacterial plaque and tartar that forms due to lack of hygiene, because of tobacco and other conditions. It operates in 3 stages: gingivitis, superficial periodontitis and deep periodontitis.
It is an inflammation of the gums. It is characterized by red gums, inflamed, bleeding easily and can cause bad breath. Gingivitis can be treated by the use of toothbrush and dental floss for hard to reach places, a healthy diet, stopping smoking and stringent checks by the dentist. Untreated gingivitis leads to periodontitis.
The cause of periodontitis is the surface untreated gingivitis, at this stage the gum gradually withdraws and forms a space between the gum and tooth. The withdrawal of the gums lead to the awareness of the teeth. Measures can be taken against the progress of the disease through proper oral hygiene but also proper treatment, according to the dentist’s instructions.
If the superficial periodontitis is not treated, it turns into deep periodontitis, leading to tooth loss by deterioration of bone support and fixing tissues of the teeth. In the end, surgery will be necessary once the disease arrived at this stage.
Although there are situations in which local anesthesia is not necessary in many cases such as tooth extractions or the extirpation of the nerve, it is necessary both to ensure peace during the intervention, to perform the maneuver, and give the patient comfort.
It acts on peripheral sensitive receptors and can last for several hours. The dose is administered according to the weight and age of the patient.
Recommendations before anesthesia:
- Don't consume coffee or drinks with caffeine 12 hours before surgery
- Eat well before the surgery
- Take medicines if you suffer of disease
- To avoid discomfort, do not hesitate to communicate the dentist all the general conditions or medications you take
- Try to rest before the surgery
Endodontics is responsible for the correct and complete treatment of root canals, and teeth affected by deep caries.
This is the most common procedure known as channel shutter or extirpation of the nerve. Following treatment of the tooth, the strength and lifetime increases significantly.
When do we need a channel shutter?
- sensibilité intense au chaud et au froid
- caries sévères engendrant l’infection et la nécrose de la dent
- abcès autour de la dent
- fissure dentaire engendrant l’ouverture de la chambre pulpaire et l’affectation du nerf
It is important to remember that a tooth infection can be asymptomatic. That is why you are advised to submit the overall control to assist in identifying potential problems and maintenance of oral health.
- 1. opening of the pulp chamber;
- 2. mechanical cleaning of root canals;
- 3. disinfection with antiseptic solutions;
- 4. filling with special materials
The dental implant is a titanium piece, mostly in the form of a screw designed to replace the root of a missing tooth. The implementation is done after the healing the extraction place or immediately after extraction.
After the time required for osseointegration, the implant is attached to another metal part called implant abutment, above which the dentist will place the crown, bridge or denture replacement tooth or missing teeth.
The procedure of implementation of the implant
Following an examination, a treatment plan is drawn up, taking into account:
– The number of teeth and their position
– Typology of the appropriate device for the patient
The completion of this procedure include the following steps:
– Fixing surgery of the titanium screws in the jawbone, below the gingival tissue.
-The surgery will be performed after local anesthesia while the patient will experience no pain.
-The integration of the titanium screw into the jawbone as a natural root will take months and that is why it is important to know that smoking can make it difficult and even affect negatively the process.
-Following the fusion of the implant and healing of the area of the gingival tissue, the dentist completes the process by joining a crown or prosthesis, according to the established treatment for the patient. The implants play a very important role in chewing, speech, oral hygiene and to have a bright smile.
Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with solving the problems of malocclusion (closing the mouth) and malposition of the teeth (misaligned teeth). Most problems that occur should be treated in rearranging the teeth that are crooked; Add to these rotations in the normal spindle face, teeth ectopic (outside the arch), teeth entopici (behind arch), etc.
Orthodontics is intercepted at the border between pedodontics and orthodontics. This discipline has three objectives:
- Keeping space in case of premature loss of temporary teeth (milk);
- Removal of vicious habits, like smoking
- Stopping the evolving orthodontic problems.
To achieve these objectives, braces are used. These include:
- Mobile braces;
- Fixed metal braces;
- Fixed ceramic braces (same color as the teeth);
- Fixed braces made of gold or silver for the front teeth, being more aesthetic and disturbing little the speech
Paedodontics is a branch of dentistry dealing with the specific treatment of primary teeth and permanent teeth of children.
Paedodontics also includes prophylactic treatment against decay, by operations of fluoridation and sealing grooves and fissures and treatment of caries, because caries formed in untreated milk tooth will be complicated and will affect the eruption of permanent teeth.
Initially, Pedodontics was handled only for the extraction of primary teeth, but nowadays, it is about the maintenance of the integrity of the teeth in the arch, as many temporary ones as the young permanent dentition.
Importance of Pediatric Dentistry
Despite the fact that children’s milk teeth fall out, do not minimize the importance of dental visits. Maintain healthy and intact baby teeth that facilitates several benefits:
- creating space for the growth of permanent teeth
- favoring the normal development of the language
- contributing to a correct diet
- forming a sound basis for permanent teeth
Prosthetics is a branch of dentistry that approaches problem solving stomatognate system (machine dental – jaw).These works by making the crowns or bridges fixed or by mobile works for partial dentures.
Crown fix is done on a tooth that can not be restored by filling. They can be made of different materials: metal, metal-ceramic, metal-acrylic, ceramic.
Fixed bridges are works that are cemented on teeth pillars, which have previously been processed in the dental office, closing the space created by the lack of a tooth to three teeth per arch in the side or in the front of the absence of four teeth.
Partial dentures mobile phones are works carried out in this case has very few teeth per arch. They can be acrylic or skeleton. If in the arch are a few remaining teeth and prosthetics are not so important then extracted mobile dentures are made. They may have acrlici artificial teeth, ceramic or composite.